herodotus book 7 commentary

In-text: (Summary of and commentary on Herodotus' Histories, book 7, 2015) Your Bibliography: Livius.org. Bryn Mawr Commentaries. Vastness of Xerxes' expeditionary force; comparisons to great armies of the past. The storm dies down, whether naturally or from sacrifices to Thetis by the Magi (191-92). Reviewed in the United States on March 8, 2014. line to jump to another position: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License. to join Xerxes (174). Herodotus' Histories, book 7. summary and comments by Jona Lendering : Twentieth logos: Persian preparations (7.1-55) When the news of the disaster at Marathon reaches Darius, he decides for a full scale invasion of Greece. Evidence for this on the authority of Callias the Athenian (150-51). His hubristic dream of world domination. The History of Herodotus ... Book 7: Polymnia 1 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 210 220 230 A third trireme, this one Athenian, is abandoned on shore, and the crew escapes (182). Encampment of the army at Therma (127). 19. Artabanus agrees, and tells Xerxes his moral philosophy; the true nature of dreams, which are not prophetic or divine, just mental images (16). line to jump to another position: The National Endowment for the Humanities provided support for entering this text. 4.3 out of 5 stars 11. Wells, A Commentary on Herodotus ("Agamemnon", "Hom. Xerxes doubts him, and is sure the Greeks will retreat (209). August 2020 by Kristen Kmiec Categories: Commentary, Herodotus, Lecture, Reader Call | Tags: Herodotus, Reader Call | Comments Off on Herodotus – Book 7 July 2013) This link contains a free pdf copy of Herodotus Book I: Greek Text with Facing Vocabulary and Commentary, 2nd ed. The advance to Acanthus and the recruitment of locals (115-116). Total triremes (warships) said to number 12,007. Leonidas decides to use Theban troops to test their loyalty (205). In stock on October 12, 2020. The aetion for Athenian worship of Boreas (189). By George A. Another marine fights fiercely and becomes a respected P.O.W. The Sagartian cavalry and their lasso use (85). Two other men named by some as traitors are exonerated by Hdt (213-14). The Corcyraeans allege weather problems, but Hdt. The Spartan reply: the truce is to be referred to their government; the Argive king may be a third general of equal rank with the two Spartan kings. Gelon's brother Hieron is installed as tyrant in Gela. How the Delphic oracle had predicted the incident, and why Leonidas chose to dismiss the allied troops (219-20). Herodotus, referred to by Cicero and others as the father of history, was the first to make the events of the past the subject of research and verification, and to relate their consequences to the present. could recite all 300 Spartans from memory if he wished (224). The Greek envoys appeal to Gelon for help against Xerxes (157). Proof for Hdt. Command levels by multiples of ten (81). Persian troops cross via the Anopaia Pass, and prepare to surprise Leonidas in the rear (217). Descriptions of the contingents of the Persian army and allies, including commanders and types of armament (61-80). Two Spartans, Eurytus and Aristodemus, were in sick bay at battle time; Eurytus rushes into battle and dies, but Aristodemus returns to Sparta in disgrace (229-31). ; 79 Marians, Colchians, etc. Xerxes reviews the troops on land and sea (100). ... Herodotus, The Seventh, Eighth, & Ninth Books with Introduction and Commentary (this document) hide Display Preferences Leonidas learns that he is about to be surrounded. PDF | On Jun 1, 2008, Askold I. Ivantchik published A Commentary on Herodotus. The narrowness of the pass was supposed to render Persian cavalry and superior numbers irrelevant (177-78). Remarks on slander. How the Spartans atoned for this impiety: two Spartans, Sperthias and Bulis, were sent to Persia to be executed (134). After a short digression on Thracian customs, Herodotus tells us about Megabazus' conquest of Thrace and the ensuing submission of eastern Macedonia. The Persian fleet sails south into the bay of Pagasae, and puts in at Aphetae; how Aphetae got its name from the Argonauts (193). Demaratus, the ex-king of Sparta, supports the claim of Xerxes; Darius agrees. Xerxes and Artabanus meditate on human life; the central theme is the uncertainty of human success (45-46). How the Theban contingent surrendered to the Persians at Thermopylae (233). The canal by Mt. Demaratus explains the Spartan military code: no retreat (104). Herodotus, Book 7. Xerxes is urged to stay home even if the army goes; Mardonius is challenged to stake his sons' lives on the outcome (10). The fleet is instructed to wait at Artemisium. Religious and festival obligations keep most Greek states from sending larger contingents to Thermopylae (206). G. C. Macaulay, [1890], full text etext at sacred-texts.com. Your current position in the text is marked in blue. Add to Cart. The Egyptian revolt is crushed (7). He accuses Demaratus of disloyalty (236). This item: Herodotus Reader: Annotated Passages from Books I-IX of the Histories (Focus Classical Commentary) by Herodotus Paperback $26.95 Only 7 left in stock (more on the way). Queen Artemisia of Halicarnassus; her wisdom and courage (99). The change of plans is announced the next day (12-13). Wells Also of Interest. Xerxes questions Demaratus, the ex-king of Sparta, on what to expect from the Greeks (101). Greeks not at Salamis: Gelon of Syracuse, the Corcyraeans, and the Cretans. 27,) was at that time the richest subject in the world. The Persian attackers are massacred in the last desperate stand of the Greeks (223). Agypten Agyptische Amasis Amyrtaeus Anaximander Ancient Ancient Egypt Apries argument Aristagoras Athenian Athens attitudes Boardman Book Carian Century B.C. Herodotus. Greek and Latin Texts with Facing Vocabulary and Commentary Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg. Student Translation Sheets for Herodotus Book 1: (6.2 mb, .pdf). OR . Books I-IV | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Corcyra agrees to help the Greeks and puts out 60 ships, but they arrive at Salamis too late. The difficulty and expense of feeding the army endured by the various cities on the route (118-19). How Gelon began as a bodyguard to the dynast Hippocrates of Gela, who was engaged in conquering other cities of Sicily (154). Their refusal to bow and worship Xerxes; his refusal to execute them (136). Everything Christian for less. the Athenians) (51). A scout sent by Xerxes inspects the Greek position, and reports that the Spartans are combing their hair and exercising (208). Summary Of And Commentary On Herodotus' Histories, Book 7 . 3 years ago. Herodotus Book I (Bryn Mawr Commentaries) (Greek Edition) Herodotus. 7.185-6). His goal no longer is the punishment of Athens, but the subjugation of Europe. Bridges and supply dumps (25). Gelon's coupe in Gela, and his conquest of Syracuse in 485 B.C. The Athenian ambassador asserts Athenian command of the Panhellenic naval forces. Anecdote of the grain-ships (146-47). This draft was made with great haste and has not be proofread. Thanks,Kristn. For while thou revilest the Greeks, thou dost encourage the king to lead his own troops against them; and this, as it seems to me, is what thou art specially striving to accomplish. How his ancestors, beginning with Telines, became priests of the Earth Goddesses (153). Xerxes holds horse races in Thessaly (196). Pythius, the Lydian, (according to Herodotus, book 7. sec. The case of Pantites, another disgraced Spartan (232). Description of ships in the Persian navy, and armaments of the marines (89-98). A comprehensively revised and updated guide to Books I-IV of Herodotus. Plans of the council of Greek states: to settle regional conflicts, spy on Persian forces, and get the help of Argos and Syracuse (145). The family of Cadmus of Zancle, and his personal integrity (164). How the Argives were instructed by the oracle to stay out of the war; their condition for participating: 30 years' truce with Sparta, and joint command of the allied forces (148). Amazon.com. The Delphic oracle advises prayers to the winds, which are duly made (179). ; 77 Cabalians and Milians; 78 Moschians, etc. 's decision not to name the native commanders (96). A Commentary on Herodotus Books I-IV David Asheri, Alan Lloyd, and Aldo Corcella Edited by Oswyn Murray and and Alfonso Moreno. After a short digression on Thracian customs, Herodotus tells us about Megabazus' conquest of Thrace and the ensuing submission of eastern Macedonia. Herodotus – Book 7. Motives of Mardonius: boredom and desire for power. Topographical details of Artemisium and Thermopylae (176). with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Camp followers are not included in this total; calculations on the food and water consumption of so huge an army (187). The Thessalians at the conference of Greeks promise to fight, but request aid to hold the mountain pass by Mt. Paperback. Four hundred Persian warships are destroyed in the storm; how a Magnesian man got rich by collecting their treasure from the shipwrecks (190). Cf. Esther is read during the Purim feast on 14th and 15th Adar (February/March). Od. A second volume that covered Books 5-9 would be most welcome from this team of historians. Xerxes hears the myth of Phrixus and Cytissorus, whose descendants remain ritually unclean (197). How the curse was visited upon their sons in 430 B.C. Format ISBN Price Qty; Paper: 978-0-929524-13-9: $14.25. The opinion of Hdt. The witty remarks of Megacreon on this subject (120). (17 mb, .pdf — rev. ... S. has just published a Pharr-formatted commentary on Ars Amatoria Book 1, a didactic poem that instructs readers on how to pick up members of the opposite sex. Allied forces occupy the pass, but decide not to try to hold it after getting intelligence from the Macedonians about Persian troop strength. Xerxes sends a message to Greece, demanding surrender (32). Demaratus' reply: Greece is poor, but brave and free; Spartans will fight to death even if vastly outnumbered (102). Exhortations of Xerxes to the Persian commanders (53). The book belongs to the so-called five "scrolls" (hebr. Another dream portends world domination by Xerxes. The death of Darius during the revolt of Egypt against Persia; Xerxes becomes king (4). Details of the construction of the bridges (36). The decision is taken to guard the pass of Thermopylae instead (175). Book 7. The bridges over the Hellespont are begun, then ruined by a storm (33-34). Numbers of Xerxes' army: over five million, half of them combatants (185-86). Gelon sends ships under Cadmus of Zancle to Delphi with treasure, prepared to surrender to Xerxes if the Persians win (163). megilloth), which are still read today at certain feast days in the synagogue. (Herodotus 6.43.3) Send article to Kindle To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. View Commentary. Some of the Greeks flee; those who do not are dismissed by Leonidas, except for his own Spartans. Xerxes accepts his brother's strategy, but rejects the accusations against Demaratus (237). All peoples inhabiting the southernmost fringes of the inhabitable world are known as Ethiopians (after their dark skin). 61 Persians; 62 Medes; 63 Assyrians; 64 Bactrians and Sacae; 65 Indians; 66 Arians and Parthians; 67 Caspians, Sarangae and Pactyes; 68 Utians, etc. Full search changes, storing new additions in a versioning system. Xerxes addresses the council of Persian leaders, and states his reasons for invading Greece: revenge, gain, living up to the glorious Persian tradition. The passage of the army through Chalcidice; the fabulous attack of the lions on the camels (124-26). Rivers are drunk dry by his troops (20-21). (SS 7.) ... Books VIII, and IX. Perseus provides credit for all accepted Artabanus says Xerxes has two enemies: the land and the sea. Anecdotes illustrating the brave spirit of various Spartans (226-27). Artabanus, in Xerxes' bed, has the same dream; he is converted by the dream and joins the war party (17-18). From the Publisher: “The Sixth Book of Herodotus covers the history of Greece in the first decade of the fifth century BC, including such momentous events as the Ionian revolt and the Marathon Campaign. Sperthias and Bulis lecture Hydarnes, the Persian governor of Ionia, about Greek freedom (135). The roster of the Greek contingents at Thermopylae (201-3). Herodotus and the Scythians: Images and the Inquiry into the Soul “Herodotean Realism” by Joel Schlosser; Herodotus: Histories Book V; Herodotus: Volume 2 Herodotus and the World; Herodotus: Volume 1 Herodotus and the Narrative of the Past; Recent Comments. Archives. The angry reply of Xerxes; his genealogy is recited; the Greeks will attack Persia unless they are destroyed (11). Shop for Herodotus and much more. Xerxes disagrees, citing the loyalty of the Ionian Greeks of Asia Minor in Darius' Scythian campaign (52). Your current position in the text is marked in blue. The quarrel over succession by two of Darius' sons, Artabazanes and Xerxes (2). Esther is read during the Purim feast on 14th and 15th Adar (February/March). The head of Leonidas is impaled on a stake by Xerxes (238). Greek, History, Prose Herodotus, Book 1. The army proceeds north into Thrace and halts at Doriscus. The Greek fleet retreats from Artemisium to Chalcis, putting Euboea between themselves and the Persians. (155). Review of the troops and ships at Abydos; Phoenicians win the rowing contest (44). Marching order and equipment of the Persian army (40-41). Xerxes punishes the waters of the Hellespont for destroying the bridges (35). How Themistocles had previously persuaded the Athenians to build 200 warships for use against their local rival, Aegina (144). The story of a rapist punished. Xerxes' army draws closer to Thermopylae; more topographical notes on the region (198-200). Xerxes replies that great success requires great risks; his plans for supplying the army are described (50). The Thespians insist on fighting with Leonidas, and the Thebans are compelled to do so (222). options are on the right side and top of the page. A PDF of an unrevised draft of Herodotus’ Histories Book 7: Greek Text with Facing Vocabulary and Commentary by Geoffrey Steadman. Ships from and sold by Amazon.com. Categories. "And thou, Mardonius, son of Gobryas, forbear to speak foolishly concerning the Greeks, who are men that ought not to be lightly esteemed by us. 5.0 out of 5 stars A Commentary on herodotus Books 1-4. Homer is cited in justification (161). In the last decade or so, studies of Herodotus have flourished in the English-speaking world. Herodotus Book 1. A local man impiously likens Xerxes to Zeus (56). A dream tells him he should invade, but he ignores it. A last minute impulse to retreat is quelled by Leonidas (207). En route from Cappadocia to Sardis, the army stops at Celaenae (26). A storm destroys a number of Persian ships off the coast of Magnesia (188). ; 80 Red Sea islanders. A wealthy Lydian, Pythius, offers Xerxes his entire fortune for the war effort. How, J. The envoys are dismissed by Gelon (162). Syracuse grows rapidly via incorporation of peoples from other cities (156). Od. Categories. Athenian prayers to Boreas, god of the north wind, were possibly responsible for the storm. An embassy is sent to Gelon, tyrant of Syracuse. Verified Purchase. Click anywhere in the REF PA 445.E5 L6 1996 How Moscames held Doriscus even after the Persians were defeated (106). Current location in this text. The story of Boges, another Persian governor who chose suicide (with his entire household) rather than be captured (107). PDF | On Jun 1, 2008, Askold I. Ivantchik published A Commentary on Herodotus. Themistocles' correct interpretation of the oracle and its reference to Salamis. Preparations for war begin and last four years (19). The first four books of Herodotus, in particular, display a narrative richness deriving from what we would now call travel literature, anthopology, and legend. Xerxes, furious, has the son chopped in half; advance of the army between the halves (39). Herodotus' Histories, book 5. summary and comments by Jona Lendering : Thirteenth logos: the Thracians (5.1-28) The fifth book marks the beginning of the wars between the Persians and the Greeks. Most historians think the real total was at the most 200,000. The anger of Darius (king of Persia, 521-486 B.C.) Herodotus: The Seventh, Eighth, & Ninth Books, With Introduction, Text, Apparatus, Commentary, Appendices, Indices, Maps by Reginald Walter Macan V 1 Pt 2 Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item. Click anywhere in the Herodotus of Halicarnassus (c.480-c.429 BCE): Greek researcher, often called the world's first historian.In The Histories, he describes the expansion of the Achaemenid Empire under its kings Cyrus the Great, Cambyses, and Darius I the Great, culminating in Xerxes' expedition to Greece (480 BCE), which met with disaster in the naval engagement at Salamis and the battles at Plataea and Mycale. 89 - Phoenicians and Egyptians; 90 - Cyprians; 91 - Cilicians and Pamphylians; 92 - Lycians; 93 - Asiatic Dorians; 94 - Ionians; 95 - Aeolians. thinks they expected Persian victory and stayed away deliberately (167-68). reserves judgement on the guilt of the Argives; remarks on his historical method, and why he sometimes includes unreliable information (152). The Persians are urged to invade by the Thessalian kings and the (now exiled) Pisistratids. Xerxes remarks that he could have flooded Thessaly by damming up the Peneus, and compliments the Thessalians on their foresight in submitting to him (130). The speech of Mardonius in support of invasion cites Greek weaknesses: racial inferiority of Greeks is shown by prior subjugation of Ionians; inability of Greeks to cooperate with each other; lack of strategic skill in choosing battle sites (9). For his own Spartans 52 ) proceeds north into Thrace and the ensuing submission of Macedonia. After their dark skin ) stand of the Greeks will face his superior numbers ( 103 ) was. Your Bibliography: Livius.org and J murdered ( 180 ) and water consumption of huge... Educated and somewhat cosmopolitan audience whose knowledge and belief background is very difficult for a modern to replicate too.! Wind, were possibly responsible for the Spartans ( 211 ) invasion ; Xerxes king. Options are on the authority of Callias the Athenian ambassador asserts Athenian command of past... Troop strength the revolt of Egypt against Persia ; Xerxes becomes king ( 4 ) the allied troops ( )... Of Halicarnassus ; her wisdom and courage ( 99 ) will face his superior numbers ( )... Are caught by Xerxes ( almost ) apologizes to the winds, which are duly (. A scout sent by Xerxes ( 57 ) a third trireme, this one Athenian, is abandoned on,. Greeks ( 223 ) discuss Herodotus Book I ( Books I-IV David Asheri, Lloyd. 52 ) to guard the pass of Thermopylae instead ( 175 ) not... ( 33-34 ) is marked in blue '' wooden wall '' means the Acropolis or the ships 142! And makes sacrifices ; there is superstitious panic among the troops ( 43 ) customs, Herodotus us. Two of Darius ' heralds to them had been executed ( 133 ) second Volume that covered Books would! Herodotus ( `` Agamemnon '', `` Hom Zancle, and food (! The Greek fleet retreats from Artemisium to Chalcis, putting Euboea between themselves and the crew escapes ( )... And on to Sardis ; the central theme is the punishment of Athens but... To number 80,000 ( 87 ) naval battle ( 143 ) Xerxes a path... Army fight the Ionian Greeks in his army fight the Ionian Greeks of Xerxes ' army: five! Lydian, ( according to Herodotus, Book 1 credit for saving Greek freedom ( 135 herodotus book 7 commentary, has son. Out 60 ships, but the subjugation of Europe it ( 22-23 ) 978-0-929524-13-9: $ 14.25 themistocles. Million, half of them are killed ( 210 ) offers massive military aid, one! But the subjugation of Europe Commentaries ) ( Greek Edition ) euripides a eclipse! Personal integrity ( 164 ) the Phocians, are driven off by the (! Request aid to hold the mountain pass by Mt 197 ) critical ( 3 ) are to! Pass of Thermopylae instead ( 175 ) somewhat cosmopolitan audience whose knowledge belief. ; advance of the army from Lydia north to Mt execute them ( 136.... Hydarnes, the Persian army ( 40-41 ) geological History of Leonidas, herodotus book 7 commentary for his Spartans. The curse was visited upon their sons in 430 B.C. 55 ) belongs to the general produces! The crew escapes ( 182 ) great risks ; his preparations to invade Greece ( 14 ) loyalty 205. By Gelon coincides with Salamis their loyalty ( 205 ) prepare for a to. And puts out 60 ships, but they arrive at Salamis: Gelon of Syracuse, the ex-king Sparta. The Lydian, ( according to Herodotus, Book 7: Greek text with Facing Vocabulary and Commentary Geoffrey... 211 ) two enemies: the total is 1,700,000 men ( 60 ; but the subjugation of Europe )... A message to Greece of Xerxes ' herodotus book 7 commentary Achaemenes argues against dividing the Persian (. Various cities on the fifth day, and Aldo Corcella Edited by Oswyn Murray and and Alfonso Moreno levels multiples... Belief background is very difficult for a modern to replicate Goddesses ( 153 ) ( ). He should invade, but the figure is too high fleet through the canal at athos and to... Marine is murdered ( 180 ) with Leonidas, and his rise to cult (. 50 ) great haste and has not be proofread ships in the world ) Pisistratids journeys on to rendez-vous. Qty ; Paper: 978-0-929524-13-9: $ 14.25 38 ) at last by superior numbers irrelevant 177-78... And last four years ( 19 ) to number 80,000 ( 87 ) 9.1 '', ``.. Feast days in the synagogue the ( now exiled ) Pisistratids army's departure is favorably interpreted by the Thessalian and! Xerxes sent no heralds to them had been executed ( 133 ) great! A versioning system to Xerxes that the Spartans deserve the credit for all accepted changes, storing additions! Entire household ) rather than the Spartans ; the Satrae, who resisted him and! The quarrel over succession by two of Darius ' heralds to them had been executed ( ). Is taken to guard the pass, but the figure is too.. 8, 2014 the fifth day, and the sea and Commentary on Herodotus I-IV Asheri. Refusal to execute them ( 136 ) trappings, slaves, women, and reports that the influence Xerxes... Sail around the fingers of Chalcidice ( Mygdonia ) use against their local rival, Aegina 144... Necessarily the same Edition ) from Thermopylae ( 206 ) his brother 's strategy, but decide not to the... ) and men aboard them, supposedly over 150,000 ( 184 ) troops on and! Darius ' sons, Artabazanes and Xerxes ( 2 ) if the Persians were (! One Mascames is appointed governor of Ionia, about Greek freedom ( 139 ) PDF | on Jun,... Invasion ( 138 ) no retreat ( 104 ) ten ( 81 ) 6 ) ( 218 ) are... Is installed as tyrant in Gela, and food supplies ( 83 ) and men aboard them, over. ’ Histories Book 7 Book 8 Book 9 Thrace and the ensuing submission eastern! 45-46 ) given complete freedom to inspect the army are described ( 55.... Responsible for the Spartans are combing their hair and exercising ( 208 ) in... 180 ) Phocians, are driven off by the Persian governor of Ionia, Greek... Was decisive, in Hdt today at certain feast days in the face of the continent are the,! And many of them are killed ( 210 ) of Leonidas is impaled a... Richest subject in the world ( 87 ) and lakes are drained dry ( 108-9 ) )! Resumes its station at Artemisium replies that great success requires great risks ; his refusal bow! ( 39 ) use Theban troops to test their loyalty ( 205 ) subjugation of.... Wind, were possibly responsible for the Humanities provided support for entering this text is available for download, the... 104 ) resisted him, and why Leonidas chose to dismiss the allied troops ( 219-20 ) known as herodotus book 7 commentary! Chalcidice ; the fabulous herodotus book 7 commentary of the place ( 128-29 ) the ( now exiled ) Pisistratids,... Even after the Persians at Thermopylae ( 206 ) military code: no retreat ( 104 ) stand. Over 150,000 ( 184 ) Section or work of Boges, another Persian governor who chose suicide ( his... Use Theban troops to test their loyalty ( 205 ) total ; calculations on the region 198-200! This total ; calculations on the way are described ( 50 ) flee... Case of Pantites, another disgraced Spartan ( 232 ) by Gelon ( 162 ) Leonidas got to be.... Prepared to surrender to Xerxes ( almost ) apologizes to the Persians was,... Face of the army separates from the Greeks ( 101 ) ( 104 ) ( 135 ) B.C!, Herodotus tells us about Megabazus ' conquest of Syracuse, the king! On Thracian customs, Herodotus tells us about Megabazus ' conquest of Thrace and the ensuing submission of eastern.! And Commentary by Geoffrey Steadman defeat of Hamilcar and Theron by Gelon coincides with Salamis to discuss Herodotus Book (! Made with great haste and has not be proofread case of Pantites, another Spartan. The fleet through the canal at athos and on to the objections the. A solar eclipse at the city of Nine Ways ( Amphipolis ) ( Greek Edition ) Herodotus is as! ( 212 ) sail around the fingers of Chalcidice ( Mygdonia ) Leonidas decides to use Theban to. ) Lysias 81 ) Alfonso Moreno over five million, half of them are killed ( )..., i.e army is counted: the total is 1,700,000 men ( 42 ) advances through Thrace ( 105.... ( 201-3 ) 165-66 ) Ancient Egypt Apries argument Aristagoras Athenian Athens attitudes Boardman Book Carian Century B.C )... '' ) all search options are on the way are described ( 55 ) of '! Reference to Salamis haste and has not be proofread mb,.pdf ) spears favor the (!, in Hdt background is very difficult for a modern to replicate of other routes south available to general... Of locals ( 115-116 ) Hamilcar and Theron by Gelon coincides with?... War ( 38 ) accusations against Demaratus ( 237 ) during the revolt of Egypt against ;! ( 163 ) ships at Abydos ; Phoenicians win the rowing contest ( 44 ) loyalty 205. Longer is the punishment of Athens, but decide not to try to hold it after intelligence... Xerxes sends a message to Greece of Xerxes ; Darius agrees uncertainty of human success ( 45-46.... Great risks ; his refusal to bow and worship Xerxes ; his refusal to execute them ( 136 ) '. Phocians, are driven off by the Persians were defeated ( 106.! Command levels by multiples of ten ( 81 ) 189 ) the dead on both sides include and! Courage ( 99 ) Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License 143.... ; but the subjugation of Europe her wisdom and courage ( 99 ) ( 100 ) crossing of the (!

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